Ecological restoration focuses on repairing the damage that human activities have caused to natural ecosystems and seeks to return them to a previous state or another state that is closely related to one that has not been altered by human activities. Understanding how restoration is conceived and addressed is key to achieving inclusive socio-ecological restoration, especially as the world embarks on the United Nations Decade for Ecological Restoration and accelerates global restoration activities. As such, reference sites can be used as models for restoration projects, as well as a yardstick to measure project progress. It offers the most promising path to address restoration and improve social inclusion in the framework of the United Nations Decade for Ecological Restoration.
Many of Australia's first ecological rehabilitation and restoration projects were initiated by volunteers, often using scientific resources; local and state government agencies played a role, and so did industry. RELATED CAMPAIGNS The Endangered Species Act Forests Grazing Restoration of Ponderosa Pine Forests Fire and Forest Management. For example, restoring the elevation of the bottom of a wetland can be critical to restoring the hydrological regime, natural disturbance cycles, and nutrient flows. For example, establishing sustainable sources of cooking fuel that people can use over and over again without permanently damaging a forest can be an essential element in restoring a forest.
To this end, a restored or preserved wetland wetland mitigation bank is offered for sale to developers who purchase habitat mitigation credits as a condition of planning approval (Baker et al. Unequal power relations severely limit opportunities for stakeholder inclusion and must be reimagined if restoration is to become a truly effective means of achieving a better future for all. Successful forest restoration in those countries must involve reserving some land for fast-growing species suitable for charcoal, such as eucalyptus, to replace wood from natural forests. Fernández-Manjarrés et al (201) characterize socio-ecological restoration as a process that simultaneously addresses social and ecological problems.