Understanding the Six Main Components of Addiction

Learn about the six main components of addiction - psychological and physical aspects - and how to prevent and treat it.

Understanding the Six Main Components of Addiction

Addiction is a serious issue that affects hundreds of people every day. With the growing concern about drug and alcohol addiction in the United States, many are looking for information on the subject. Friends and family members of addicts are trying to understand why people abuse substances and how they become addicted. The component of addiction model defines addictive activity as any behavior that presents the six main components of addiction.

These components can be divided into two aspects: psychological addiction and physical addiction. Psychological addiction is the subjective experience that people report as a result of participating in online games, which can be seen as a coping strategy. This means that gradually more time is spent online, involved in the behavior. Jacobs (3) argued that coping with negative emotions by engaging in addictive behavior is a key factor in maintaining addictions.

The component model of addiction treatment (CMAT) is a transdiagnostic treatment model that points to the underlying similarities between behavioral and substance use addictions. It includes learning processes in which people associate addictive behavior with relief from negative affect (i.e., increasing amounts of online games are required to achieve the above mood-modifying effects). As new evidence emerges identifying new component vulnerabilities and advances are made in the treatment of addictive disorders, the CMAT will be revised to reflect the most recent evidence base in the treatment of addictive disorders. Focusing on component vulnerabilities in treatment is likely to lead to improvements not only in primary addiction, but also in any secondary addiction that may be present.

The strength of this model is that it reduces the similarities of addictions to six main components. It is important to understand the components of addiction so that we can better understand how to prevent and treat it. By recognizing the psychological and physical aspects of addiction, we can develop better strategies for helping those who are struggling with addiction.