Types of Drug Therapies Antimetabolites, antimitotics, antitumor antibiotics, asparagine-specific enzymes, biosimilars, bisphosphonates, chemotherapy, DNA-damaging agents (antineoplastic), and alkylating agents. The main interventions available for substance use disorders include pharmacotherapy, behavioral therapy, and participation in support groups. The use of behavioral therapies is the most common form of intervention given to people with substance use disorders followed by the use of medications. In addition, social support groups offer long-term opportunities for people in recovery to stay focused on their commitment to living sober lives.
Research studies on addiction treatment have generally classified programs into several general types or modalities. Treatment approaches and individual programs continue to evolve and diversify, and many current programs do not fit perfectly into traditional drug addiction treatment classifications. There are a variety of medications that have varying effects and results. More research is needed on long-term outcomes and whether these drugs react differently within different subgroups.
Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) is the use of medications, in combination with counseling and behavioral therapies, to provide a “comprehensive patient approach” to the treatment of substance use disorders. It's also important to address other health problems during treatment.